Focus Areas

Smart Mobility
Smart Mobility
smart
Smart Technology
Smart
Smart Environment
Water
Smart Water
Energy
Smart Energy
Total Projects : 8 Completed : 2 In Progress : 4 Tendering Stage : 4
Current StatusCurrent Status
Smart Mobility

 

StrategyStrategy and Initiatives
1. To create a network of complete streets, designed for inclusive use of pedestrians  with markings for parking and non-encroachment of commercial establishments.

Around 380 years back, Francis Day and Andrew Cogan bet big on a nondescript coastal land, called Chennappanaikan. This hamlet grew expeditiously and became the commercial and cultural hub called Chennai. As the sands of time piled up, so did the cities transport and related infrastructure woes. Determined to get ahead of its troubles, the Greater Chennai Corporation is proactively working with the ITDP India Programme in the field of sustainable mobility and urban planning.

With an ever-increasing population, estimated to be 9.8 million in 2015, Chennai’s urban transport facilities are under immense pressure. The city has been plagued by issues on various fronts, these include: its dubious distinction of road fatalities, recorded to be 1,300 in 2017; soaring motor vehicle registration, which stands at 4.2 million; a shortfall of 2,000 buses which forces its current fleet to run overcrowded.

Change isn’t easy in cities, especially since the car is a symbol for status. Knowing this well enough, the ITDP India Programme collaborated with the Chennai City Connect Foundation, in 2009, to highlight the poor conditions of walking and cycling infrastructure. In the years to follow, the city has taken drastic measures to improve the situation and the Non-Motorised Transport Policy validates its efforts.

The policy, a first of its kind in India, mandates a minimum of 60% of transport funding to create and maintain walking and cycling infrastructure in the city. So far, Chennai has retrofitted over 75 km of walkable streets and is redesigning an additional 60 km. Additionally, to support cycling, Chennai is planning a Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) system with 5,000 cycles.

2. A network of bicycle lanes to promote use of bicycles as a regular commute option.

Cycle sharing is a public transport system in which people have access to cycles that can be used across a network of closely spaced stations. With a smart card or other form of identification, a user can check out a cycle from a station and return it to any other station. The Corporation of Chennai (COC) is planning a public cycle sharing system with approximately 3,000 cycles and an initial coverage area of about 19 square kilometres.

Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu state, has a population of 4.6 million, with nearly 9 million inhabitants in the larger metropolitan area.

1) The core city’s density is around 26,900 persons per sq km. Public transport in Chennai consists of Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) buses, suburban rail and MRTS. In addition, a 45 km metro rail network is under construction. Currently MTC has around 3,800 buses carrying 52 lakh passengers per day.
2) The three suburban rail lines and MRTS line comprise 123 km of corridors linking the city to suburban regions such as Tambaram, Thiruninravur, Velachery and Minjur.
3) A dense network of stations across the coverage area with spacing of approximately 300 m between stations.
4) Cycles with specially designed parts and sizes to discourage theft and sale as whole or for parts.
5) A fully automated locking system at stations that allows users to check cycles in or out without the need for staffing at the station.
6) Radio frequency identification devices (RFIDs) to track where a cycle is picked up, where it is returned and the identity of the user.
7) Real-time monitoring of station occupancy rates through General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), used to guide the redistribution of cycles.
8) Real-time user information provided through various platforms including the web, mobile phones and/or on-site terminals.
9) Advertising space on cycles and at stations (provides revenue generation options for system operator or city).
10) Pricing structures that incentivise short trips, helping to maximize the number of trips per cycle per day.

3. De-congest roads by providing appropriate parking infrastructure and make it a source of revenue for the city.

The main objective of the company will be to decongest commercial area and ease parking problems in key areas of the city. Official sources said that financing and revenue sharing models will be prepared by Tamil Nadu Infrastructure Fund Management Company after holding discussions with officials of CSCL and GCC.

The company will look at optimizing the limited space through creation of multi-level car parking. Many unutilised lands and property of GCC and government bodies will be promoted, maintained and monetised by the company. It is learnt that the government is planning to tap The Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments (HR&CE) lands in prime locations of the city as parking space.

Interestingly, Chennai was looking at having a parking management company after a high-level delegation visited Budapest five years ago. The delegation report then had highlighted how underground parking spaces were created in streets and busy junctions in Budapest.

Some of the features of Budapest parking management include charging vehicles for duration of parking, instead of a lump sum amount, besides having six options of paying parking fees, which include credit card, prepaid parking card, SMS and coins. Other features include charging high parking fee in the central business district.

4. Provide technological solutions for improving passenger experience through public transport buses.

Safe, modern and efficient public transport, like the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, can help answer these problems. A mass rapid transport option, the BRT combines the efficiencies and quality of metro rails, with the flexibility and relative low cost of buses. And all of this can be executed at a fraction of the cost and effort that goes into constructing rail-based systems.

While high-capacity public transport solutions can move citizens across large distances within a city, good last-mile connectivity is important to make these systems accessible to more residents. This opportunity opened the way for Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS). Fast emerging as a popular public transit in Indian cities, it offers a dense network of stations and with a smart card, a user can check out a cycle from a station, use it for a short ride, and return it to any other station.

Goal and next stepGoals and Next Steps

Upon implementation of the above, people will be able to –

  • Pedestrianised Streets :  23 roads of T Nagar have been redesigned to include continuous footpaths with street furniture and provision of LED lights and bollards.
  • Redesign of Major Roads : CSCL endeavours to redesign and develop select roads and market areas in its area which are future ready and in compliance with smart city program, which seamlessly complements NMT policy. First phase includes redevelopment of G.N.Road and Venkatnarayana Road in T Nagar.
  • Pedestrian Plaza : The densely populated and crowded Pondy Bazaar area of T Nagar is being redeveloped to widen footpaths and reduce carriage way to make it a convenient stop-and-shop experience for citizens. The Plaza would be complete with aesthetically designed street furniture, trees and water fountains.
  • Multi-level Car Parking: A multi-level car parking facility is being constructed at T Nagar to enable better traffic management and decongestion in the area.
  • Parking Management System: Greater Chennai Corporation (GCC) has initiated steps for implementation of Parking Management System (PMS) in Chennai City for improving the ‘On Street’ parking operations, optimum usage of the available parking space and enhancing overall function of street in the city for operating an effective implementation plan and by better enforcement against parking violations.
  • Public Bicycle Sharing: Initiative to provide cycles-on-rent at identified cycle stations across the city for citizens to hire at a nominal user fee. Aims to decongest roads and promote a healthier, greener lifestyle amongst citizens.
  • Bicycle Lanes: Providing exclusive cycle lane across a 17 km stretch to make the roads safer for everyone, especially cyclists. Encourage cycling as an effective and efficient mode of transportation optimal for short to moderate distances.
  • Intelligent Traffic Management System: This project has two sub-systems - Intelligent Traffic Management and Intelligent Transport Management. Traffic management is to control traffic through adaptive systems which includes configuration of traffic signal at each of the junction along with development of signal control plan for individual operations. Transport Management refers to management of transport (buses) infrastructure by developing an electronic ticketing system, monitoring vehicular movement, passenger information system, fleet management system etc.

 

LookingLooking Ahead

We will continue to explore and formulate initiatives to –

  • 80% of Bus Route Roads to have continuous footpath in line with the Non-Motorised Transport Policy.
  • Reduce pedestrian and cyclist inconvenience by providing complete network of footpath and cycle corridors across the city.
  • To invest 60% of city's transport budget on NMT infrastructure.
  • Provide multi-modal transport integration to encourage use of public transport and NMT facilities.
  • Seamless traffic and transport movement through intelligent systems for signals, passenger information, bus fleet management etc.

 

Total Projects : 6 Completed: 2 In Progress : 3 DPR Prep: 1
Current StatusCurrent Status
Smart Technology

 

 

StrategyStrategy and Initiatives
1. Create solutions for smart and unified governance for easier and efficient decision making

City constantly conducts citizen engagement with people at each Ward level to incorporate their views and these shape priorities and development projects in the city. Multiple means of communication and getting feedback such, both face-to-face and online are utilised. The effectiveness of city governance and service delivery is constantly enhanced on the basis of feedback from citizens. Built, natural and intangible heritage are preserved and utilised as anchors of the city. Historical and cultural resources are enahnced through various mediums of expression. Public spaces, open spaces, amenities and public buildings reflect local identity and are widely used by the public through festivals, events and activities.

2. Bridging divide between citizens and government through transparent and smart technological processes.

This literature review has focused on smart governance as an emerging domain of study that attracts significant scientific and policy attention. More specifically, this paper aims to provide more insight in the definitions of and relationships between smart governance and concepts such as smart and electronic government, in the context of smart cities. The literature review shows that smart government can be considered as a basis for developing smart governance, through the application of emergent information and communication technologies (ICT) for governing. Smart governance as the intelligent use of ICT to improve decision-making through better collaboration among different stakeholders, including government and citizens, can be strongly related to government approaches. In this case ICT-based tools, such as social media and openness can be factors that increase citizen engagement and support the development of new governance models for smart government. Smart governance may also have an important role in Smart City initiatives, which require complex interactions between governments, citizens and other stakeholders. Based on the literature review, this paper coins a definition of ‘smart city governance’ and contributes to developing a framework for building new, smart governance models addressing the challenges of the digital society, collaborative governance, information sharing, citizen engagement, transparency and openness.

3. Address key liveability parameters by improving service delivery of government.

In the last decade, India urbanized quicker (2.4%) than the world average (2.1%). India is projected to add 404 more a million urban dwellers by 2040. Urban areas provide hope and betterment but also bring with it a unique set multidimensional challenges. “Ease of living index”, attempts to bring the cities of India which are socially, culturally and economically diverse into one comparable data driven platform. Handy tool for policy-makers | Evidence based Policy Formulation | Inter City Comparison

4. Provide virtual environments to monitor, observe and study governance processes.

Chennai has been grappling with natural calamities in two consecutive years in the form of flood and cyclone. The resilience of a city is its ability to persevere in the face of emergency, so it can continue functioning despite serious challenges. Chennai has been chosen as one of the 4 cities in India by the Rockfeller foundation (100RC) which will be provided with resources necessary to develop a roadmap to resilience. Chennai is also one of the twenty cities chosen under India’s “Smart City Mission”. The purpose of the Smart Cities Mission is to drive economic growth and improve the quality of life of people by enabling local area development and enhancing use of technology that leads to smarter and efficient management of urban services. Understanding the vulnerabilities and chosen as both a Resilient and Smart City, it is essential to integrate resilience with all urban development initiatives in the City

Goal and next stepGoals and Next Steps

Upon implementation of the above, people will be able to –

  • Smart Class: 28 classrooms across Corporation schools in Chennai have been redesigned with Smart boards, tablets and external keyboards to provide virtual teaching and learning methods to the city's teachers and students.
  • Namma Chennai App: An one-stop mobile app with 10 services for Corporation related processes, enquiries and complaints.
  • Digital Experience Centre: A virtual learning and decision-making environment, with state-of-the-art technology to exhibit, monitor and innovate on Smart City projects.
  • Integrated Command & Control Centre: A platform to unify and integrate several government verticals like disaster management, emergency response, waste management, etc. to facilitate precision analysis and efficient decision making.
  • Intelligent Traffic Management System: Hi-tech system to redesign and develop transport and traffic systems for smoother flow, ease of communication for commute and fleet management.
  • GIS Mapping of Utilities: Survey and integration of utilities through drone-mapping and geo-informatic systems for better urban planning and city-level administration.

 

LookingLooking Ahead

We will continue to explore and formulate initiatives to –

  • Make Chennai the most liveable and sustainable city in the world.
  • Provide dynamic and accountable platforms for citizen engagement
  • Create 100% e-governance systems, ranging from disaster management to citizen greivance redressal to emergency services.

 

Total Projects : 5 Completed: 3 In Progress : 2
Current StatusCurrent Status
Smart Environment

 

 

StrategyStrategy and Initiatives
1. Reinventing gardens and open spaces as attractive public spaces.

There is an inexplicable feeling of peace when we walk into our home garden or a park, or even sit on the steps of a temple tank — spaces are complete when there is a flow of the natural environment into the structure. Be it natural rural-scapes or design-heavy urbanscapes, landscapes complete a building and maintain a healthy and enabling environment in the city. “It’s not only about creating beautiful gardens, there are also many functional benefits that come with a good landscape design. It enables creating a proper environment for the whole city,” says Ravikumar Narayan, landscape architect, Ravikumar and Associates.

2. Retrofitting existing infrastructure and creating new spaces for inclusive play and holistic development of children.

The Park department of Greater Chennai Corporation has proposed to establish a model Sensory Park at Santhome in GCC land. This park will be constructed under the Chennai Smart City Project, measuring around 1500 sq.m. The park will be a way forward towards inclusive governance and recreational infrastructure for the citizens of Chennai. The design and layout of the park will provide a stimulating journey through the senses, heightening awareness, and bringing positive learning experiences.

The park will focus on features that cater to multiple senses of individuals. These specialized parks will have all kinds of visitors with special emphasis on children with special needs. The purpose of such these parks will be to provide individual and combined sensory opportunities to citizens who may not normally experience them. Let us look at some of goals of this project:

3. Identify and restore water bodies to overcome flooding issues and water scarcity.

After the recent floods, most Chennaiites have undergone the experience of living in an unplanned city. As the city grew, it occupied most of the water bodies. Though we cant change the plan of the city, here are some ways in which we can make the city ready for any eventuality due to incessant rain. We have made technical and non-technical solutions. We want to gather civil engineers and other like-minded people to be a part of them as a team and find the best solutions. This is an initiation to go further and make Chennai a flood-proof city in the future.

Here are the technical solutions.

1. Improve flood water disposal system.

2. Construct retaining walls and use sandbags.

3. Release water from reservoir after studying areas.

4. Increase greenery of city by creating more greener spaces and providing aesthetic value to existing infrastructure.

Urban green spaces create great cities where built environment as well as natural environment and the the natural environments are interwoven. However, sometimes creating green spaces are considered as a challenge, particularly in developing countries, where there is pressure for space, resources and development. The world’s cities are becoming increasingly congested and polluted. Urban green spaces provide a wide range of ecosystem services that could help combat many urban ills and improve life for city dwellers.

The definition of urban green spaces which is agreed on by ecologists, economists, social scientists and planners: “They are public and private open spaces in urban areas, primarily covered by vegetation which is directly or indirectly available for users (Haq, 2011). In another way, it is the land that consists predominantly of unsealed, permeable, “soft” surfaces such as soil, grass, shrubs and trees. It is the umbrella term for all such areas whether or not they are publicly accessible or publicly managed. It includes all areas of parks, play areas and other green spaces specifically intended for recreational use as well as other green spaces with other origins (Dunnett, Swanwick and Woolley, 2002).

Goal and next stepGoals and Next Steps

Upon implementation of the above, people will be able to –

  • Retrofitting Green Open Spaces: 8 parks of T Nagar have been redesigned to make them energy efficient, inclusive, vibrant and greener.
  • Sensory Park: A unique initiative that caters for outdoor recreational needs for all age groups and abilities.
  • Traffic Park: A model park for children to learn regarding traffic rules and regulations.
  • Restoration of Waterbodies: 210 waterbodies, including 15 temple tanks, have been identified and are being restored by GCC and CSCL. Activities including desilting, boundary wall creation, clearing of debris and encroachment, apart from landscaping.
  • Vertical Gardens: An innovative urban design to reduce the traffic heat-island effect, by creating gardens on piers of flyovers in T Nagar area.

 

LookingLooking Ahead

We will continue to explore and formulate initiatives to –

  • Provide Chennaiites with world-class luxurious public spaces for recreation and community activities.
  • Improve environment quality in the city like air, water and soil and provide healthier living conditions for the public.
  • Rejuvenating the city's water systems through complete recharge of ground water, harvesting of rain water and recycling of graywater
  • Ensure complete and fully sustainable solid waste and wastewater management to tackle challenges of landfills and different pollutions.

 

Total Projects : 5 DPR Prep: 1 In Progress : 1 Tendering Stage : 3
Current StatusCurrent Status
Smart Water

 

 

StrategyStrategy and Initiatives
1. To provide continuous water supply in ABD region

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2. To improve revenue collection for water utilities by providing accessible and transparent payment systems for citizens

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3. To improve citizen greivance redressal for water-related issues

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4. To reduce loss of water through leakage in water filling posts

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Goal and next stepGoals and Next Steps

Upon implementation of the above, people will be able to –

  • Meter for CMWSSB Tanker Filling Post: The CMWSSB has proposed to procure and install 191 Filling Post Control Unit and Smart Card based Online Monitoring System in 41 filling stations.
  • Electromagnetic meters for bulk water supply: The CMWSSB has proposed to procure and install 251 electronic flow meters of different sizes in the pumping mains and service reservoir outlets to monitor the quantity pumped and quantity distributed.
  • Connecting Missing Links of Storm Water Drains: To construct missing links or improve defunct drains at 335 locations to prevent flooding of roads. Additionally, rainwater harvesting and recharge systems to be provided at 30m intervals.
  • Providing 24/7 Water Supply for T Nagar: Establishing 19 District Metered Areas to augment water supply for T Nagar. Renewal of 30% house service connections and ensure metering in 100% connections.
  • Electromagnetic flow meter for Smart Consumer: CMWSSB has proposed to install AMR (Automatic Meter Reading) meters with data capture by wireless system using long range gateways in two phases and thereby increase the revenue. In first phase, it is proposed to install AMR meters in 12,708 house connections.

 

LookingLooking Ahead

We will continue to explore and formulate initiatives to –

  • To meet 135 LPCD supply as per Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs guidelines.
  • To provide 24/7 uninterrupted water supply to all households, at 100% quality.
  • To completely avoid flooding and loss of running stormwater.
  • To have 100% efficiency in pressure, flow and water quality monitoring.

 

Total Projects : 5 Completed: 1 In Progress : 3 Tendering Stage : 1
Current StatusCurrent Status
Smart Energy

 

 

StrategyStrategy and Initiatives
1. To provide 24/7 electricity without delays and outages.

1. No Scheduled power outages in the city

2. Unscheduled power outages has reduced to 4,677 Hrs (2014) from 6,920 Hrs(2012)

3. Average Response Time for Power Outage in HT supply failure - 1hr, customer service connection - 3hrs & failure of distribution transformer is 24Hrs.

4. 55 Smart Meters introduced in 2015 on pilot basis.

5. AT&C losses reduced to 17.61%, to be <15% after completion of R-APDRP program.

5. Renewable Energy Installed Capacity(2015):
- Rooftop Solar = 358.26MW;Biomass = 230MW (Full Capacity);
- Bagasse based Cogen = 659.4MW; Wind = 7,498.55 MW, Source: TANGEDCO

2. Use of new and renewable sources of energy for residential and commercial buildings.

There is an ever increasing demand for energy in spite of the rising prices of oil & other fossil fuel / depletion of fossil fuels. Energy demand, in particular electricity production has resulted in creation of fossil fuel based power plants that let out substantial green house gas / carbon emission into the atmosphere causing climate change and global warming.

The Government of Tamil Nadu is committed to mitigate the climate change effects by bringing out policies conducive to promote renewable energy generation in the State. The Government intends to make renewable energy a people’s movement just like rain water harvesting.

The state is blessed with various forms of renewable energy sources viz., Wind, Solar, Biomass, Biogas, Small Hydro, etc. Municipal and Industrial wastes could also be useful sources of energy while ensuring safe disposal.

Renewable Energy (RE) sources provide a viable option for on/off grid electrification & wide industrial applications

3. To provide hi-tech solutions for citizens in payment and monitoring of electrical utilities

Even as the Union government is giving laying huge thrust on turning all types of transaction cashless, the Tamil Nadu government has announced that a multi-purpose utility ‘smart card’ would be introduced in Chennai city to enable payment of bus fare, power bill and the Corporation-levied taxes.

The Minister for Municipal Administration and Rural Development, SP Velumani, on Wednesday made an announcement about the proposed smart card in the Assembly at the end of a two-day debate on the demands for grants to his departments.

“The people in Chennai can utilise smart cards to pay bus fare on vehicles operated by Metro Transport, power bill and charges for drinking water and sewerage connections,” he told the Assembly.

These apart, the Chennaiites can also swipe the cards to pay property tax and profession tax levied by the Corporation without much hassles, he added.

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Goal and next stepGoals and Next Steps

Upon implementation of the above, people will be able to –

  • Solar Rooftop in Government Buildings:All Government and Local Body buildings would be fitted with solar rooftops, expected to bring in annual savings of INR 1.7 crores from renewable energy.
  • Conversion of Sodium Vapour Lamps to LED lights: 1772 lights in T Nagar area have been converted leading to savings of Rs 9.6 crore per annum.
  • Redevelopment of Kannamapettai Crematorium: Modifying and converting existing crematorium at Kannamapettai to give the public a cleaner and energy-efficient option.
  • Smart Meters in T Nagar: TANGEDCO, through Chennai Smart City Limited, intends to implement Smart Meters with AMI (Automated Infra Structure) system under Chennai Smart City Schemes in T.Nagar under Area Based Development (ABD), on mixed/hybrid communication technology. The solution is prepared to adopt RF mesh network for thickly populated areas and Cellular network (GPRS /3G/4G) for areas with scattered population.
  • Water Hyacinth to Biogas Plant: GCC on a trial basis has proposed to install one 5 ton/day capacity bio gas plant in a land identified in division 18, Zone 2. The harvested water hyacinth will be crushed and made into slurry and fed to the digesters and using specific microbes, the slurry is digested and gas is produced. The bio gas produced will be used for generating power through a specially designed gas generator.

 

LookingLooking Ahead

We will continue to explore and formulate initiatives to –

  • Introduction of microgrid based distribution management system
  • Convert all overhead lines to underground cables with RFID tagging.
  • Introduction of smart bi-directional meters for 100% households.
  • Augmenting use of solar power even for residential purpose